Least Resistance Training Concepts

Volunteers Training for Emergencies

  LRTC Emergency Response Team


July 30, 2015

Pets and livestock that are kept as pets are considered by many as not only valuable property but as companion animals that are extended "members of the family." Historically fire and animal services personnel have been challenged to care for animals that have been overcome by heat, smoke, carbon monoxide, or have simply been found in weakened conditions for various reasons. Responders have tried various approaches in order to revive such animals, occasionally with success, however the Morgan Hill (CA) based nonprofit, Air for Paws, has taken on the challenge and has developed animal-specific resuscitation and supplemental oxygen equipment.

Various state and local emergency responders have equipped themselves with Air for Paws resuscitation gear. The Air Force has kits as part of the veterinary medical gear for their K9 units. In July, 2015, Least Resistance Training Concepts (LRTC) was the first Nevada organization to receive kits along with Lyon County Animal Services, the North Lyon County Fire Protection District and City of Fernley Animal Control. The objective for providing kits to LRTC was to see if the kits were useful in providing emergency care to downed foals, and we found them to be quite suitable.

The LRTC volunteers work closely with Lyon County Animal Services and have also trained in technical large animal rescue, with training provided by the Nevada Division of Emergency Management funded by a grant obtained by the Nevada Department of Agriculture. Thus being more effective in both small and large animal rescues falls within the overall mission of the organization.

The kits come with two Ambu bags, one small and one large, as are used for human resuscitation efforts. The face masks are designed to be compatible for use on most dogs and small animals.

The bag fits an M6 (also known as a Size B) oxygen cylinder and regulator that is provided by the user.

The small bag and mask is suitable for use on smaller dogs.

The larger mask is suitable for medium to large dogs, some small farm animals, and can be easily modified to use on foals and small horses.

A prototype mask is presently under design for standard size horses.

The kit also includes a two-sided instruction card that describes recommended CPR and breathing support procedures.

Also included in the kits are leashes and other supplies.

Kits are presently in service on Rescue 2 (Mound House,) Rescue 3 (Stagecoach,) Transport 21 (Steamboat,) Transport 22 (Toll Rd.,) and Transport 51 (Golconda.) Kits are also carried by Lyon County Animal Services, Fernley Animal Control and the North Lyon County Fire Protection District.

The kits are provided free of charge to qualifying agencies and organizations, although the recipients are responsible for providing their own oxygen cylinders and regulators. Air for Paws is an all-volunteer donor supported 501(c)(3) non-profit that has provided over 600 kits nationwide and to our military overseas using funds received from donors.

For more information:

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The training information presented in these information sheets and guides is offered for illustrative and volunteer refresher purposes only. It is not a substitute for actual hands-on training.

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